According to the Criminal Investigation and Detection Group (CIDG), another former communist rebel filed criminal cases against Jose Maria “Joma” Sison, the founding chair of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), and two other communist leaders before the Department of Justice (DOJ) on Friday.
In a statement, CIDG chief, Maj. Gen. Albert Ignatius Ferro said charges of violation of “Section 3 in relation to Section 3 (a)(b) of RA (Republic Act) 9208 as amended by RA 10364 and Section 4 (i) of RA 10364 or the “Expanded Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2012” and violation of Section 10 in relation to Section 3(d) (4) of RA 7610 (Special Protection of Children against Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Acts)” were filed against Sison, Lean Porquia and Karen Edaniel.
“At about 10 a.m. on Sept. 3, 2021, these cases were filed before the Department of Justice (DOJ), Padre Faura St. Malate, Manila, and were docketed under NPS Docket No. XVI-INV-21I-00283,” Ferro said.
Former rebel Joy James Alcoser Saguino, also known as “Ka Amihan,” “Ka Che,” or “Commander Che,” said in his lawsuit that he was a minor and a freshman Accountancy student when Porquia and Edaniel recruited him in June 2007.
Saguino joined the League of Filipino Students (LFS), a front organization for the communist terrorist group (CTG), in the UP Visayas-Iloilo Campus a month later. He was persuaded to participate at various anti-tuition fee increase protests and to participate actively in some LFS events.
Eventually, he was indoctrinated with radicalization courses such as Maikling Kurso sa Lipunan at Rebolusyong Pilipino and others with a convoluted depiction of society’s situation, in which the sad plight of the masses was attributed to the “government’s failure to do its duty for its people, and the latter was pictured as the aggressor.”
In September 2007, Saguino claims he was recruited and joined the clandestine movement KM/Kabataan Makabayan. Porquia then persuaded him to run for student council, which he did and won.
Saguino, together with Porquia and Edaniel, took advantage of his position at the university to foster communist radicalization. At the age of 17, he became a full-fledged CTG member in March 2009.
Saguino joined the communist movement’s Southern Front, Panay Island, in April 2009. After that, he was given the duty of organizing the Anakbayan Chapter-Panay. As the regional spokesperson for the Anakbayan and subsequently as the national vice-Chairperson of the Anakbayan for Mindanao, he was given more responsibilities and authority.
Saguino became an election campaign head for senatorial hopefuls Liza Maza and Satur Ocampo, as well as other Makabayan bloc party-lists, as he rose through the ranks of the CTG’s national leadership.
Saguino also served in the communist movement in numerous capacities, the most prominent of which was his appointment as Guerrilla Front 20 (GF20) deputy secretary while concurrently serving as secretary of the Sentro ng Gravidad Platoon Party Committee. He was appointed GF20 front secretary and secretary of the Sub-Regional Peasant Bureau (SRPB) in January 2017.
He exited GF20 in September 2017, but remained to run CTG from October 2017 until April 2018.
In April 2018, he and witness Leo Bernaldez made the decision to depart the CTG.
Saguino filed these charges against the defendants, according to Ferro, because of the sufferings and exploitation he had through as a youngster.
“A student induced to join LFS and later recruited to join the NPA where he had suffered tremendously. The victim had been used and brought in the front lines in the pursuit of their communist ideologies, in violation of aforecited criminal charges,” Ferro said.
The United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the Philippines have designated the CPP-New People’s Army (NPA) as a terrorist group.
On June 23, 2021, the Anti-Terrorism Council formally recognized the National Democratic Front as a terrorist organization, claiming it as “an integral and independent branch” of the CPP-NPA formed in April 1973.